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The 10 best tree varieties to plant in residential situations


Trees enhance the beauty of a property, in addition to offering advantages that can be very practical (shade in summer, windbreaks in winter, etc.) depending on their size or silhouette. Here are ten varieties adapted to our climate constraints that will harmonize with your landscaping while meeting your expectations!

We would like to thank Mr. Pierre Lavallée, sales manager of Dominique Savio Nursery, for his collaboration.

  1. Acer ‘Autumn Blaze’

A hybrid between Acer rubrum (red maple) and Acer saccharinum (silver maple), the ‘Autumn Blaze’ maple, which produces a wing-shaped dry fruit (the samara), thrives in hardiness zone 3. At maturity, this slender tree can reach 12 m in height and 8 m in width. Its dark green foliage in summer turns scarlet in autumn.

  1. Acer ginnala ‘Flame’

Appreciated for its abundant and fragrant flowers, Amur ‘Flame’ is a small-sized tree, very hardy (climate zone 2b) and not very sensitive to diseases. At maturity, it can grow up to 4 m high and spread over 3 m wide. Perfect for small landscapes as a free-standing hedge or plant screen, it has medium green foliage that turns bright red in the fall.

  1. Acer rubrum ‘Armstrong’

The ‘Armstrong’ red maple is distinguished by its green foliage with a silvery underside that displays a beautiful orange-red to very bright red fall color. Adapted to a hardiness zone 4b, this tree with a columnar profile prefers moist soils. With age, it can climb up to 14 m high. Its modest spread (6 m) makes it interesting for small gardens.

  1. Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance

Adapted to a hardiness zone 3, the serviceberry ‘Autumn Brilliance’ owes its name to its blue-green foliage turning to a brilliant orange-red late in the season. Its spectacular flowering (white star-shaped flowers) in spring and its summer fruits (small berries) make it an attractive tree. Its size at maturity: 7 m high by 4 m wide.

  1. Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skyline

Taking a hardiness zone 4 as its habitat, the honey locust ‘Skyline’ is a thornless, upright variety ideal for limited space. Its mature size is 15 m tall by 9 m wide, making it a good shade tree. While it produces pod-like fruit, its main eye-catcher is its light foliage that turns from dark green in summer to golden yellow in fall.

  1. Ginkgo biloba ‘Autumn Gold’
    Also known as the “Forty Shields Tree” because of the golden hue its light green foliage takes on in the fall, Ginkgo biloba ‘Autumn Gold’ likes a bright location. This male, non-fruiting cultivar acclimates well to a hardiness zone of 5a. Reaching 15 m in height and 7 m in width when mature, it can be used as an isolated planting for a majestic effect in the garden.
  2. Malus ‘Royal Raindrops’

The originality of ‘Royal Raindrops’ lies in its bright pinkish red flowers combined with its lacy purple foliage. New and unique, it is also very disease resistant. Suitable for hardiness zone 4, this variety can reach a height of 6 m and a width of 4.5 m. It produces small fruits (1/4″ cheekbones) that are popular with birds.

  1. Malus ‘Prairifire’
    With its bronze foliage, its young red shoots turning reddish green in summer and its late blooming bright red flowers, not to mention its small fruits, the ‘Prairifire’ crabapple tree is ideal for coloring the outdoor landscape. Its advantages? A modest size (6 m high by 4 m wide) and a very high resistance to diseases and cold (hardiness zone 3).
  2. Quercus robur ‘Crimson Spire
    A cross between the white oak and the English oak, the ‘Crimson Spire’ oak has a more regular columnar habit and glossy green foliage that turns reddish-brown in the fall. Planted in hardiness zone 4, this acorn-fruiting tree can soar to 12.5 m tall. Being narrow (3.5 m wide), it fits in tight spaces.
  3. Syringa reticulata ‘Ivory Silk’

Japanese lilac ‘Ivory Silk’ is popular for its creamy white, lightly scented blooms in early July. Its green foliage turns yellow in the fall. Compact (8 m tall by 4 m wide at maturity), this ovoid tree is not very sensitive to diseases and can grow in a hardiness zone 2a. Just as beautiful as a single plant or in a bed!

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